Control & Preventions of Rodents

GENERAL INFORMATION | Control & Preventions of Rodents

Commensal (domestic) rodents live in close association with humans. These commensal rodents are nocturnal and tend to move indoors to warmer areas during late fall or early winter and return to the outdoors in late spring or early summer, or remain indoors if food and suitable harborage are available. Commensal rodents generally have poor sense of vision, but they have acute sense of smell, touch, and taste. They tend to gnaw through any material that is softer than their enamel, and they are generally good climbers, jumpers, swimmers and burrowers. There are three species of domestic rodents:

TYPE OF RODENTSDESCRIPTION
Roof RatROOF RAT 
(Rattus rattus)

Alias: Black Rat/Tree Rat
Roof rat is slender and agile, and Its tail is longer than the head and body lengths combined. Its total length may reach 12 to 17 ¾ inches and can weigh up to about ¾ of a pound. Roof rat nests above ground and lives in ivy, wild blackberry vines, attics, garages, and wood piles. It will enter buildings if given the opportunity, and often use utility lines and fences as runways. It prefers to feed on fruits, nuts, ivy, and pet food commonly found in residential areas.
Norway RatNORWAY RAT 
(Rattus norvegicus)

Alias: Sewer Rat/Wharf Rat
Norway rat is larger and more aggressive than the roof rat. It has smaller eyes and ears than the roof rat, and its tail is shorter than the combined head and body length. Its total length may reach 18 inches and may weighs up to about 1 lb. Norway rat lives and nests in underground burrow system and is generally found in agricultural areas, creeks, sewers and occasionally developed neighborhoods. It can also live in buildings, basement, creekbanks, waterfronts, under blackberry vines, under wood piles. It feeds on garbage, pet food, meat scraps, cereal grains, fruits and vegetables.
House MouseHOUSE MOUSE 
(Mus musculus)
House mouse is small, slender bodied, and the tail is longer than the length of its head and body. Its body size ranges from   2-1/2 to 3-4/5 inches long. Its body color is generally grayish brown with a gray or buff belly. House mice is agile climbers and can fit through openings as small as ¼ inches in diameter. It eats many types of food, but prefers seeds and grain. It normally travels an area averaging 10 to 30 ft. in diameters.
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Source: Mental Health

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